Wu Ping, DRC
In light of the governance system, regulations, paths and tools to address climate changes, the international community has made some progress in balancing multiple subjects and appeals for common interests. And its practice and experience boast great significance on the formulation of collective forces made by various countries as well as on global governance in related fields.
First, the progress made in global climate governance. Since UN and World Meteorological Organization established Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change in 1988, the three international legal texts including United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement, which serve as the milestones in human history for addressing climate changes, have jointly formed the global governance pattern of climate change beyond 2020.
Second, the experience gained from global climate governance. 1. The institutionalization and normalization of rules and regulations relating to climate governance have been realized at international, regional and national level, and the construction of systematized rules and regulations has formulated the guideline for climate governance in an orderly manner. 2. Various countries have made respective targets aiming at their intended contributions in line with their national conditions, capacity and development stages, developed countries are called to strengthen their financial, technical and capacity-building support to developing countries, and the mode relating to intended contributions made by various countries to reduce carbon emission has been established for global climate governance in a flexible manner. 3. Carbon emission rights has become international commodities and allocated through market exchanges, and the carbon emission trading system can effectively help with climate governance.
Third, enlightenments drawn from the practice of climate governance. 1. The ruling of ecological governance should be continuously enhanced, and the rule and regulation system of trans-regional and inter-basin governance should be fleshed out. 2. Regional ecological responsibility allocation mechanism should be innovated, in light of concrete conditions, development differences, social, cultural and other factors of various regions. 3. The role of market mechanism should be given fully play in ecological governance, the system for paying for resource consumption as well as compensation for ecological damages should be established and the market’s leading role in climate governance should be promoted.