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Statistical Communiqué on the 2011 National Economic and Social Development

Updated: Jun 14, 2017 Print

Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2011 National Economic and Social Development[1]

National Bureau of Statistics of China

February 22, 2012

In 2011, faced with the complicated and volatile domestic and international economic environment, under the firm leadership of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, the people of all nationalities of China, taking Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of “Three Represents” as the guidance, the scientific development as the theme and the transformation of economic development mode as the mainline, carried out the package of plans and policies aiming at strengthening and improving the macro control. As a result, national economic performance maintained steady and rapid development, all social undertakings achieved new progress, and a good start was achieved for the Twelfth Five-Year Period.

I. General Outlook

In 2011, the gross domestic product (GDP)[2] of the year was 47,156.4 billion yuan, up by 9.2 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the value added of the primary industry was 4,771.2 billion yuan, up by 4.5 percent, that of the secondary industry was 22,059.2 billion yuan, up by 10.6 percent and the tertiary industry was 20,326.0 billion yuan, up by 8.9 percent. The value added of the primary industry accounted for 10.1 percent of the GDP, that of the secondary industry accounted for 46.8 percent, and that of the tertiary industry accounted for 43.1 percent.



The consumer price in 2011 went up by 5.4 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the prices for food went up by 11.8 percent. The prices for investment in fixed assets increased by 6.6 percent. The producer prices and the purchasing prices for manufactured goods were up by 6.0 percent and 9.1 percent respectively. The producer prices for farm products[3] were up by 16.5 percent.


At the end of year 2011, the number of employed people in China was 764.20 million, and that in urban areas was 359.14 million. The newly increased employed people in urban areas numbered 12.21 million. The urban unemployment rate through unemployment registration was 4.1 percent at the year end, maintaining the same level as 2010. The total migrant workers[4] in 2011 were 252.78 million, up by 4.4 percent over that of 2010. Of which, the migrant workers leaving hometown and worked in other provinces were 158.63 million, increased by 3.4 percent, the migrant workers worked in local provinces reached 94.15 million, up by 5.9 percent.  


At the end of 2011, China’s foreign exchange reserves reached 3,181.1 billion US dollars, an increase of 333.8 billion US dollars as compared with that at the end of the pervious year. At the end of the year, the exchange rate was 6.3009 RMB to 1 USD, an appreciation by 5.1 percent over that at the end of 2010.


In 2011,the total public revenue[5] reached 10,374.0 billion yuan, up by 24.8 percent or an increase of 2,063.9 billion yuan over that in the previous year. Of this total, the taxes collected in the whole year reached 8,972.0 billion yuan, up by 22.6 percent or an increase of 1,651.0 billion yuan over 2010. 


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