Xuzhou, which was known as Pengcheng in ancient times, is the fourth largest prefecture-level city in Jiangsu province. It covers 11,258 square kilometers and has a registered population of 10.45 million. It has two county-level cities, three counties, five districts and two national development zones under its governance.
Aside from being located in the northwest of Jiangsu province, Xuzhou is also the common boundary of Jiangsu, Shandong, Henan and Anhui provinces, making it one of the most important transport hubs in China. It enjoys convenient sea-land-air access to other places. The Guanyin International Airport has opened 36 domestic and overseas routes connecting Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea and Singapore.
A night view of Xuzhou in East China's Jiangsu province [Photo/xz.gov.cn]
Xuzhou maintained steady economic progress in 2020 as its GDP reached 731.98 billion yuan ($112.50 billion), up 3.40 percent year-on-year. Investment in fixed assets grew by 7 percent and the added value of industries above a designated size went up by 7.2 percent, showing steady recovery. Its imports and exports rose 15 percent and foreign investment in actual use went up 10 percent, ranking high among other cities in Jiangsu.
Xuzhou is the central city of Huaihai Economic Zone, one of the earliest approved zones in China that features regional economic cooperation and involves 10 cities in Jiangsu, Shandong, Henan and Anhui provinces.
History & Culture
With a civilization of over 5,000 years, Xuzhou was built 2,600 years ago and is one of the most ancient cities in China. It was the hometown of Liu Bang (256-195BC), the first emperor of the Western Han Dynasty. The Han Dynasty was divided into Eastern Han and Western Han periods (206BC-189AD) lasting for over 400 years. During this time local kings in Xuzhou left numerous historic heritages, including Han clay figurines, Han stone relief carvings and the Han tombs, which are called "The Three Wonders of the Han Dynasty".
Xuzhou is "a city of science and education" with a galaxy of talents and a list of prestigious universities, such as China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou Medical College, Jiangsu Normal University, and Xuzhou Institute of Technology.
Yanzi Lou in Xuzhou, East China's Jiangsu province [Photo/xz.gov.cn]