“One-Three-Five” Strategic Planning of DICP
Aiming at solving the strategic S&T issues related to the future and long-term development of the nation, all CAS institutes are required to make a "One-Three-Five" plan for their strategic research directions. The name refers to One Positioning, Three Major Breakthroughs, and Five Key Cultivating Directions. The One Positioning should clarify each CAS institute's major research areas, unique features, and core competitiveness, which should be distinct from those of other CAS research institutes. Three Major Breakthroughs refers to major basic, strategic and prospective S&T innovative achievements to be made in the next five to ten years. Five Cultivating Directions is the name given to research priorities with unique features that form a future competitive advantage and will lead to potential breakthroughs. Generally, each institute must identify three breakthroughs and five priorities.
DICP aims for four breakthroughs and eight research priorities based on its strengths and accomplishments in energy-related research. In total, 10 fields, including three breakthroughs and seven priorities, will be introduced here. Our achievements in each field are the products of a network of collaborations between laboratories and divisions.
DICP strives to use the Dalian National Laboratory of Clean Energy (DNL) as its main research platform to emphasize both fundamental and applied research. The institute's main goals are to provide cutting-edge theories and technologies for optimal fossil energy use, high efficiency chemical energy conversion, and renewable energy development to meet national strategic needs, and to play irreplaceable roles in related fields. In the long term, DICP aims to become a world-leading research institute.
Three Major Breakthroughs
Dynamics and Control of Chemical Reactions in Energy Conversion Processes at Dalian Coherent Light Source
Dalian Coherent Light Source, the first FEL user facility in China, provides brilliant VUV optical beams with ultra short pulses in the VUV region. By developing new experimental techniques and methods for dynamics measurements, based on DCLS, we will achieve highly sensitive in-situ dynamic probing of the related chemical reactions in energy transformation processes. Fundamental knowledge of these chemical reactions at the atomic and molecular level will help us to understand in detail how chemical reactions take place under real combustion, catalytic and photocatalytic conditions. New theories and concepts will lead to great breakthroughs in basic energy science, and promote energy conversion efficiency.
Conversion of Fossil Fuel to Chemicals
Establish a new industrial system for converting fossil fuel to chemicals based on innovative technologies and processes. In the coal-chemical field, focus on research and development of next generation methanol to olefins, syngas/methanol to ethanol, syngas to liquid fuel or alcohol, among many other new technologies. In the petro-chemical field, make breakthroughs in synthesis of catalysts for efficient and clean conversion of hydrocarbons with on-purpose production of aromatics-rich gasoline, ultralow-sulphur liquid fuel, and high grade lubricating oil. The work is expected to commercialize 4 to 5 processes. For syngas to ethanol, start up a 100 kt/a syngas to ethanol demo plant and license 4 MMt/a production capacity, and for syngas to liquid fuel, start up a 150 kt/a syngas to liquid fuel demo plant and license 1 MMt/a production capacity. It is our mission to be the world leader in technologies developed for clean, economic, and sustainable conversion of fossil fuel to chemicals based on market demand through innovations in catalysis, reaction, and process.
New power supply and energy storage technology
Be geared to the needs of developing new energy vehicles in China, break a series of bottlenecks by developing new power supply technology including lithium batteries and fuel cells, studying high security and high stability lithium sulfur (Li-S) batteries, and researching high performance and low cost core materials, key components and system integration of fuel cells. Complete the development and demonstration of the 20-30 kWh Li-S power battery, and build the industrial base of 10 million Ah/year Li-S battery and the development and application demonstration of the 5-20 kW direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) for ground transport power supply. Further improve the performance of hydrogen-air fuel cells and stretch the lifetime of key materials and components to 10,000 h, realizing product demonstration and application. Working to overcome the key problems in the industrialization of vanadium redox flow batteries, develop large scale production technology of key materials, reducing costs. Demonstrate MW level vanadium redox flow batteries with localization materials and build a 300 MW/year flow battery industrialization base.
Development of Science and Technology for Solar-to-chemical and Solar-to-electricity Energy Conversion
To conduct research on artificial photosynthesis for solar fuel production, including solar hydrogen production from water splitting and CO2 reduction to chemical fuels by rationally constructing efficient photocatalytic, photoelectrocatalytic and photovoltaic-electrocatalyst coupled systems. To further improve and consummate the production line of silicon-based flexible thin film solar cells, develop efficient perovskite and organic solar cells, and gain key technologies with independent intellectual rights for efficient solar-to-chemical and solar-to-electricity energy conversion. Priority cultivation of: photocatalytic splitting of water to produce hydrogen and photocatalytic conversion of CO2 to solar fuels; silicon-based thin film solar cells, perovskite solar cells and organic solar cells; advanced characterization techniques and theoretical calculations for understanding the solar energy conversion processes; small or medium scale demonstrations. To attain world advanced or leading levels in sciences and technologies while leading domestic research.
Catalytic conversion and utilization of lignocellulosic biomass
We will focus on the catalytic conversion of biomass to liquid fuel and bulky chemical and value-added fine chemicals. With the development of novel catalysts and techniques as our core, we will develop new technologies for pretreatment of crops and sawdust, and their fractional conversion to platform chemicals. We will also explore new synthetic jet fuel, diacids, diols, aromatics and phenolic compounds from biomass feed-stocks. In particular we will develop breakthrough techniques of catalytic hydrogenation, oxidation and dehydration and explore new chemical processes leading to the synthesis of ethylene glycol, propanediol, isosorbide, and 2,5-difuranic acid, which are important bio-based polymer precursors. We will complete one or two industrial demonstration plants, and safeguard the leading position in this field internationally.
Direct conversion of methane and syngas to value-added chemicals
Our main efforts are directed to development of innovative processes and related technologies for direct conversion of carbon-based resources such as natural gas and coal. This includes activation and conversion of methane (natural gas and shale gas) to ethylene, aromatics and hydrogen and controlled synthesis of light olefins and other high value chemicals from coal-based syngas. The research covers scaling up of the catalyst preparation and reaction process, and single-tube reaction tests in collaboration with industrial partners.
The project mainly investigates reaction mechanisms and establishes a safe control strategy and process scale-up and integration in order to solve existing problems in the chemical industry, such as high energy consumption, heavy pollution, and difficult control and scale-up. The main focus is to solve the technical bottleneck in the process of fast and highly exothermic reactions (i.e., nitration and sulfonation), aiming at developing highly efficient, safe and green production methods for fine chemicals, oil additives, EOR surfactants and other products. The project tasks are to complete a demo application of isooctyl nitrate production at industrial scale, in which process safety, energy saving and quality improvement will be achieved and to complete controllable synthesis of nano magnesium hydroxide with high quality. The final achievement will be 2 or 3 demo production or 1or 2 industrial applications with enterprises.
Applications of new techniques on multi-omics analysis in translational medicine
Facing practical problems of clinical diagnosis and treatment, we aim at developing new technologies, methods and equipment to assist in the clinical realization of prediction and early warning, molecular classification, rapid and accurate detection of clinical indexes, and personalized medicine for serious diseases. Our research is mainly focused on novel technologies of metabolomics, proteomics, microfluidics, and herbalome as well as their applications in malignant tumors and metabolic disorders. Hopefully, these technologies will make breakthroughs and reach the international advanced level by the end of 13th Five-Year Plan. During the five-year period, we want to obtain one to two original achievements with an important impact, develop one to two kits for assisting disease diagnosis or guiding personalized medical treatment, apply for one clinical approval and achieve its transformation and application, exploit a rapid POCT diagnosis and organ chip technology, and complete one to three application technique demonstrations.
Production and Application of Oligosaccharide Based Agricultural Agents
To achieve the significant demand for no growth in use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers before 2020 in China, development and application of environmentally-friendly bio-agricultural agents should be promoted. Primary research aims: five to ten kinds of highly efficient polysaccharide degrading enzymes, such as alginate lyase, pectinase, glucomannanase and glucanase; 5-10 kinds of new carbohydrates based pesticides or fertilizers, including alginate oligosaccharides, pectin oligosaccharides, glucan oligosaccharides; and two to three sets of large-scale oligosaccharide production techniques and processes. We will cooperate with enterprises to complete the industrialization of these two to three applications, apply for four to six national certifications of pesticides and fertilizer products and deliver them to the market. A green agricultural technical control system focusing on oligosaccharides will have been established for various food crops, such as wheat and rice, as well as other economic plants, including fruit trees and vegetables. This technical system should achieve large-scale promotion and tens of millions of acres of application, significantly enhancing agricultural production, quality and safety, and creating indirect economic benefits valued at 10 billion yuan.
Environmental monitoring technology and equipment
We will focus on development of new light-weight, low-power detection technology and equipment, including gas chromatography and its key devices, bright field fluorescence detection technology, optoelectronic devices, and mass spectrometry technology. The main research objectives are instrumentation on qualitative and quantitative analysis of hazardous components in the space station, ultra-fast VOCs monitoring of the atmosphere and in a sealed cabin environment, haze composition monitoring and early warning instruments, and online monitoring for VOC, SVOC and algae in water. In accordance with the requirements of State Ministries, we will develop an on-site qualitative and quantitative analyzer for 15 kinds of drugs, and on-site fast measurement of hazardous substances. We strive to make breakthroughs in key technologies, develop at least three types of equipment, put three to four kinds of monitoring equipment into real applications, and achieve two technological transformations in enterprises. Our goal is to step up to the top international level.